Hyperspectral imaging of gel pen inks : an emerging tool in document analysis

Reed, Graham and Savage, K. and Edwards, D. and Nic Daeid, Niamh (2014) Hyperspectral imaging of gel pen inks : an emerging tool in document analysis. Science and Justice, 54 (1). 71 - 80. ISSN 1355-0306

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Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a useful technique in the examination of writing inks, including gel pen inks, which combines digital imaging with % reflectance spectroscopy. This facilitates the detection of subtle differences between chemically similar inks. This study analysed a variety of blue, red and black gel inks on white office paper using HSI. The potential of the technique for ink discrimination compared to other analytical methods of examination is highlighted. Discriminating powers of 1.00, 0.90 and 0.40 were achieved using HSI for red, blue and black gel inks respectively. The overall discriminating power of 0.76 for the technique combined with its non-destructive nature and minimal sampling requirements demonstrates promise for this type of application.

ORCID iDs

Reed, Graham, Savage, K. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3969-9982, Edwards, D. and Nic Daeid, Niamh;