Orientational effects on the amplitude and phase of polarimeter signals in double resonance atomic magnetometry

Ingleby, Stuart J. and O'Dwyer, Carolyn and Griffin, Paul F. and Arnold, Aidan S. and Riis, Erling (2017) Orientational effects on the amplitude and phase of polarimeter signals in double resonance atomic magnetometry. Physical Review A. ISSN 1094-1622 (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Double resonance optically pumped magnetometry can be used to measure static magnetic fields with high sensitivity by detecting a resonant atomic spin response to a small oscillating field perturbation. Determination of the resonant frequency yields a scalar measurement of static field (B_0) magnitude. We present calculations and experimental data showing that the on-resonance polarimeter signal of light transmitted through an atomic vapour in arbitrarily oriented $B_0$ may be modelled by considering the evolution of alignment terms in atomic polarisation. We observe that the amplitude and phase of the magnetometer signal are highly dependent upon B_0 orientation, and present precise measurements of the distribution of these parameters over the full 4 pi solid angle.