Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

Anticipation of technology as an entrepreneurial skill

Saukkonen, Juha and Vassamo, Anna-Leena and Ballard, Sharon and Levie, Jonathan (2016) Anticipation of technology as an entrepreneurial skill. In: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Academic Conferences and Publishing International, Reading, pp. 717-725. ISBN 9781911218074

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


Anticipation of technological change is crucial for startup companies and entrepreneurs to survive and grow in the volatile environment. The concepts, processes and tools have mainly been developed in and for larger corporations with ample resources that can run the often lengthy and slow processes of technology anticipation (TA). The dilemma facing TA in entrepreneurial startup companies is that they need to build and commercialize their first technology and prepare simultaneously to its disruption – to anticipate. This paper studies the rationale of TA and the different TA approaches utilized in technology-based young and evolving companies and proposes a framework – a taxonomy of TA approaches in entrepreneurial context for further study.