A data analytic approach to automatic fault diagnosis and prognosis for distribution automation

Wang, Xiaoyu and McArthur, Stephen D.J. and Strachan, Scott M. and Kirkwood, John D. and Paisley, Bruce (2018) A data analytic approach to automatic fault diagnosis and prognosis for distribution automation. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 9 (6). pp. 6265-6273. ISSN 1949-3053 (https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2017.2707107)

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Distribution Automation (DA) is deployed to reduce outages and to rapidly reconnect customers following network faults. Recent developments in DA equipment have enabled the logging of load and fault event data, referred to as ‘pick-up activity’. This pick-up activity provides a picture of the underlying circuit activity occurring between successive DA operations over a period of time and has the potential to be accessed remotely for off-line or on-line analysis. The application of data analytics and automated analysis of this data supports reactive fault management and post fault investigation into anomalous network behavior. It also supports predictive capabilities that identify when potential network faults are evolving and offers the opportunity to take action in advance in order to mitigate any outages. This paper details the design of a novel decision support system to achieve fault diagnosis and prognosis for DA schemes. It combines detailed data from a specific DA device with rule-based, data mining and clustering techniques to deliver the diagnostic and prognostic functions. These are applied to 11kV distribution network data captured from Pole Mounted Auto-Reclosers (PMARs) as provided by a leading UK network operator. This novel automated analysis system diagnoses the nature of a circuit’s previous fault activity, identifies underlying anomalous circuit activity, and highlights indications of problematic events gradually evolving into a full scale circuit fault. The novel contributions include the tackling of ‘semi-permanent faults’ and the re-usable methodology and approach for applying data analytics to any DA device data sets in order to provide diagnostic decisions and mitigate potential fault scenarios.