Modification of argon impurity transport by electron cyclotron heating in KSTAR H-mode plasmas

Hong, Joohwan and Henderson, S.S. and Kim, Kimin and Seon, C.R. and Song, Inwoo and Lee, H.Y. and Jang, Juhyeok and Park, Jae Sun and Lee, S.G. and Lee, J.H. and Lee, Seung Hun and Hong, Suk-Ho and Choe, Wonho (2017) Modification of argon impurity transport by electron cyclotron heating in KSTAR H-mode plasmas. Nuclear Fusion, 57 (3). pp. 1-10. 036028. ISSN 0029-5515

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    Abstract

    Experiments with a small amount of Ar gas injection as a trace impurity were conducted in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) H-mode plasma (BT  = 2.8 T, IP = 0.6 MA, and PNBI = 4.0 MW). 170 GHz electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECH) at 600 and 800 kW was focused along the mid-plane with a fixed major radial position of R  =  1.66 m. The emissivity of the Ar16+ (3.949 Å) and Ar15+ (353.860 Å) spectral lines were measured by x-ray imaging crystal spectroscopy (XICS) and a vacuum UV (VUV) spectrometer, respectively. ECH reduces the peak Ar15+ emission and increases the Ar16+ emission, an effect largest with 800 kW. The ADAS-SANCO impurity transport code was used to evaluate the Ar transport coefficients. It was found that the inward convective velocity found in the plasma core without ECH was decreased with ECH, while diffusion remained approximately constant resulting in a less-peaked Ar density profile. Theoretical results from the NEO code suggest that neoclassical transport is not responsible for the change in transport, while the microstability analysis using GKW predicts a dominant ITG mode during both ECH and non-ECH plasmas.