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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Correlating street network and urban blocks in the city centre of Tripoli

Remali, Adel Mohammad and Porta, Sergio (2017) Correlating street network and urban blocks in the city centre of Tripoli. Urban Morphology. ISSN 1027-4278 (In Press)

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The study analyses the urban form of central Tripoli, Libya, comparing three cases of different morphological periods: Old Town (pre-modern), Italian Quarter (colonial) and Garden City (early-modern). Two sets of descriptive indices, which relate to street network and the block structure, are applied to quantitatively measure the urban fabric of the three selected cases, and explore their distinct characters as well as common traits. Findings show that the Old Town combines good privacy at the very local level, due to the large amount of cul-de-sacs in the service street network, with high interconnectedness both within the case and between it and its immediate surroundings. This appears to be correlated to the Old Town’s high street density. Moreover, we suggest that despite visible dissimilarities at the service street and plot level, the Old Town and the Italian Quarter share the same main structure, which the Garden City does not: in that sense, the Garden City is found to represent a major departure from the morphological norms historically established since the dawn of the pre-modern age, and arguably since the ancient Roman domination.