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Results from the Sweden 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

Nyström, Christine Delisle and Larsson, Christel and Ehrenblad, Bettina and Eneroth, Hanna and Eriksson, Ulf and Friberg, Marita and Hagströmer, Maria and Lindroos, Anna Karin and Reilly, John J. and Löf, Marie (2016) Results from the Sweden 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13 (11 (Su). S284-S290. ISSN 1543-3080

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Background: The Sweden 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity (PA) for Children and Youth is a unique compilation of the existing physical and health related data in Sweden. The aim of this paper is to summarize the procedure and results from the report card. Methods: Nationally representative surveys and individual studies between 2005-2015 were included. Eleven PA and health indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids Canada grading system. Grades were assigned based on the percentage of children/youth meeting a defined benchmark (A: 81-100%, B: 61-80%, C: 41-60%, D: 21-40%, F: 0-20%, or incomplete (INC). Results: The assigned grades were: Overall Physical Activity, D; Organized Sport Participation, B+; Active Play, INC; Active Transportation, C+; Sedentary Behaviors, C; Family and Peers, INC; School, C+; Community and the Built Environment, B; Government Strategies and Investments, B; Diet, C-; and Obesity, D. Conclusion: The included data provides some support that overall PA is too low and sedentary behavior is too high for almost all age groups in Sweden, even with the many national policies as well as an environment that is favorable to the promotion of PA.