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Detection of cortisol in serum using quantitative resonance Raman spectroscopy

Gracie, Kirsten and Pang, Susan and Jones, Gerwyn M. and Faulds, Karen and Braybrook, Julian and Graham, Duncan (2017) Detection of cortisol in serum using quantitative resonance Raman spectroscopy. Analytical Methods, 9 (10). pp. 1589-1594. ISSN 1759-9660

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Abstract

Measurement of cortisol in serum is used commonly as an indicator of stress and disease. Conventional analytical techniques have limited utility given that they remain largely laboratory based, they do not directly measure the deemed biologically active free cortisol, and there is no robust correlation between the free cortisol measurements within serum and saliva. It would therefore be desirable to measure both the free and total cortisol readily within the same matrix in a portable device in the field or at the bedside. This paper demonstrates the utility of a portable Raman approach to measure both the biological active free cortisol as well as total cortisol in human serum, compared to a laboratory-based chemiluminescence analysis technique. This alternative portable Raman method produced results that were consistent with results obtained from previous methods, which has the potential for further miniaturisation for point of test applications.