Picture of UK Houses of Parliament

Leading national thinking on politics, government & public policy through Open Access research

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the School of Government & Public Policy, based within the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences.

Research here is 1st in Scotland for research intensity and spans a wide range of domains. The Department of Politics demonstrates expertise in understanding parties, elections and public opinion, with additional emphases on political economy, institutions and international relations. This international angle is reflected in the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC) which conducts comparative research on public policy. Meanwhile, the Centre for Energy Policy provides independent expertise on energy, working across multidisciplinary groups to shape policy for a low carbon economy.

Explore the Open Access research of the School of Government & Public Policy. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Natural vaccine adjuvants and immunopotentiators derived from plants, fungi, marine organisms, and insects

Woods, N. and Niwasabutra, K. and Acevedo, R. and Igoli, John and Altwaijry, N.A. and Tusiimire, J. and Gray, A.I. and Watson, D.G. and Ferro, V.A. (2016) Natural vaccine adjuvants and immunopotentiators derived from plants, fungi, marine organisms, and insects. In: Immunopotentiators in Modern Vaccines. Academic Press, London, pp. 211-230. ISBN 9780128040195

Full text not available in this repository.Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


Secondary metabolites from natural sources have made a significant contribution to medicine for millennia. In modern medicine, drugs developed from natural products have been used to treat infectious diseases, cancer, hypertension, and inflammation.1 Research on immunomodulators for application in vaccines has been sporadic, but it stands to reason that the field could better exploit the biodiversity of active compounds from natural sources. Most new chemical entities (NCE) have been inspired from plants, while microbes have also yielded a significant number of drugs.2,3 Increasingly, there are reports of NCE derived from fungi and marine sources,4,5 and animals.6 Although immunopotentiators mined from plants are well established, other organisms have also been evaluated.