Design study of a 372 GHz higher order mode input coupler

Garner, Jason R. and Zhang, Liang and Donaldson, Craig R. and Cross, Adrian W. and He, Wenlong (2016) Design study of a 372 GHz higher order mode input coupler. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 63 (8). pp. 3284-3290. ISSN 0018-9383 (

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The design of a higher order mode  (HOM) input coupler for a low-THz gyrotron travelling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) is presented. A two-branch waveguide coupler based on the even distribution of incident power is designed to couple the rectangular TE10 mode to the circular TE61 mode. The optimised tapered waveguide input coupler achieved an operating frequency range of 359 – 385 GHz, equating to a bandwidth of 7%. A prototype waveguide coupler scaled to W-band (75GHz to 110GHz) was manufactured. Vector Network Analyser (VNA) measured return loss of the HOM coupler is shown to be < 10dB at 90 – 96 GHz. A transmission and phase measurement is presented to analyse TE61 mode conversion in the coupler.


Garner, Jason R. ORCID logoORCID:, Zhang, Liang ORCID logoORCID:, Donaldson, Craig R. ORCID logoORCID:, Cross, Adrian W. ORCID logoORCID: and He, Wenlong ORCID logoORCID:;