Diffusion across OECD countries

De Francesco, Fabrizio; Dunlop, Claire A. and Radaelli, Claudio M., eds. (2016) Diffusion across OECD countries. In: Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment. Research handbooks on impact assessment . Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK. ISBN 9781782549550

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Impact assessment (IA) has innovated the way many governments formulate their policy reform. Governments adopt policy innovations such as IA to increase their legitimacy in the international economic and political environment. Yet, during the last two decades and following the 1995 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recommendation on regulatory reform (OECD 1995), the process of diffusion has been intense (see Figure 18.1; cf. OECD 2009, 2011). Between 2005 and 2008, several countries enhanced either the institutional design or the scope of IA as a result of the OECD regulatory review. 1 These considerations call for a nuanced analysis of the role of the OECD in the adoption and institutionalization of IA among its Member States.