Robustness of coherence : an operational and observable measure of quantum coherence

Napoli, Carmine and Bromley, Thomas R. and Cianciaruso, Marco and Piani, Marco and Johnston, Nathaniel and Adesso, Gerardo (2016) Robustness of coherence : an operational and observable measure of quantum coherence. Physical Review Letters, 116 (15). 150502. ISSN 0031-9007

[img]
Preview
Text (Napoli-etal-PRL2016-robustness-coherence-operational-observable-measure-quantum-coherence)
Napoli_etal_PRL2016_robustness_coherence_operational_observable_measure_quantum_coherence.pdf
Accepted Author Manuscript

Download (270kB)| Preview

    Abstract

    Quantifying coherence is an essential endeavour for both quantum foundations and quantum technologies. Here the robustness of coherence is defined and proven a full monotone in the context of the recently introduced resource theories of quantum coherence. The measure is shown to be observable, as it can be recast as the expectation value of a coherence witness operator for any quantum state. The robustness of coherence is evaluated analytically on relevant classes of states, and an ecient semidefinite program that computes it on general states is given. An operational interpretation is finally provided: the robustness of coherence quantifies the advantage enabled by a quantum state in a phase discrimination task.