Cosmopolitanism or globalisation : the anthropocene turn

Alcaraz, Jose and Sugars, Kath and Nicolopoulou, Katerina and Tirado, Francisco (2016) Cosmopolitanism or globalisation : the anthropocene turn. Society and Business Review.

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    Abstract

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to advance the debate on “cosmopolitanism or globalization” by (a) approaching this rich literature from cultural, ethical and governance angles, and (b) by introducing key notions from the work that has taken place in the natural sciences, around the Anthropocene. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is based on analytical tactics that draw on a literature review and thematic analysis. Findings – The composite analytical “lens” introduced here (crafted around cultural, ethical and governance angles) to approach the debate on “cosmopolitanism or globalization” plus the engagement with the literature on the Anthropocene, allow us to engage with current understandings of the global and the “planetary” that are the heart of cosmopolitanism. Research limitations/implications – The paper deals with and merges two complex streams of literature (“cosmopolitanism or globalization” and the Anthropocene), and as such needs to be seen as part of an initial, exploratory scholarly effort. Practical implications – The analytical “lens” described here shall be of further use to develop current trends reclaiming cosmopolitanism for the study of organizations. Social implications – Our work can help to nurture a cosmopolitan sensitivity which celebrates difference, highlights expanded concerns for the ‘distant other’, and fosters involvement in new forms of governance. Originality/value – The approaches introduced here bring new angles to continue thinking about the planet as the ‘cosmos’ of cosmopolitanism, and to explore new understandings around organizations and (global) responsibility.