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Conductivity and redox stability of new double perovskite oxide Sr1.6K0.4Fe1+xMo1−xO6−δ (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6)

Cowin, Peter I. and Lan, Rong and Petit, Christophe T G and Wang, Huanting and Tao, Shanwen (2016) Conductivity and redox stability of new double perovskite oxide Sr1.6K0.4Fe1+xMo1−xO6−δ (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6). Journal of Materials Science, 51 (8). pp. 4115-4124. ISSN 0022-2461

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    A series of new perovskite oxides Sr1.6K0.4Fe1+xMo1−xO6−δ (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) were synthesised by solid state reaction method. Synthesis of Sr1.6K0.4Fe1+xMo1−xO6−δ (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) was achieved above 700 °C in 5 % H2/Ar, albeit with the formation of impurity phases. Phase stability upon redox cycling was only observed for sample Sr1.6K0.4Fe1.4Mo0.6O6−δ. Redox cycling of Sr1.6K0.4Fe1+xMo1−xO6−δ (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) demonstrates a strong dependence on high temperature reduction to achieve high conductivities. After the initial reduction at 1200 °C in 5 %H2/Ar, then re-oxidation in air at 700 °C and further reduction at 700 °C in 5 %H2/Ar, the attained conductivities were between 0.1 and 58.4 % of the initial conductivity after reduction 1200 °C in 5 %H2/Ar depending on the composition. In the investigated new oxides, sample Sr1.6K0.4Fe1.4Mo0.6O6−δ is most redox stable also retains reasonably high electrical conductivity, ~70 S/cm after reduction at 1200 °C and 2–3 S/cm after redox cycling at 700 °C, indicating it is a potential anode for SOFCs.