Failure rate, repair time and unscheduled O&M cost analysis of offshore wind turbines

Carroll, James and McDonald, Alasdair and McMillan, David (2016) Failure rate, repair time and unscheduled O&M cost analysis of offshore wind turbines. Wind Energy, 19 (6). pp. 1107-1119. ISSN 1095-4244 (

[thumbnail of Carroll-etal-WE-2015-Failure-rate-repair-time-and-unscheduled-O-and-M-cost-analysis-of-offshore]
Text. Filename: Carroll_etal_WE_2015_Failure_rate_repair_time_and_unscheduled_O_and_M_cost_analysis_of_offshore.pdf
Accepted Author Manuscript

Download (935kB)| Preview


Determining and understanding offshore wind turbine failure rates and resource requirement for repair are vital for modelling and reducing O&M costs and in turn reducing the cost of energy. While few offshore failure rates have been published in the past even less details on resource requirement for repair exist in the public domain. Based on ~350 offshore wind turbines throughout Europe this paper provides failure rates for the overall wind turbine and its sub-assemblies. It also provides failure rates by year of operation, cost category and failure modes for the components/sub-assemblies that are the highest contributor to the overall failure rate. Repair times, average repair costs and average number of technicians required for repair are also detailed in this paper. An onshore to offshore failure rate comparison is carried out for generators and converters based on this analysis and an analysis carried out in a past publication. The results of this paper will contribute to offshore wind O&M cost and resource modelling and aid in better decision making for O&M planners and managers.