SLE in Kenyan slum communities : development of the concept

Porter, Robert (2014) SLE in Kenyan slum communities : development of the concept. European Journal of Development Research, 27 (1). pp. 67-83. ISSN 1743-9728 (

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A pilot measure of subjective legal empowerment (SLE) based on self-efficacy theory was implemented in two slum areas of Nairobi (Kibera and Kamukunji) to examine the structure of SLE mea- sured, and the discrimination between measures. The measure examined five types of legal problem (domains) in these communities both globally and through investigation of seven tasks that might be needed to solve the problem. Principal component analysis indicates that both the five domains and the seven tasks are accessing different constructs. Respondents clearly distinguished between different problem domains, as well as between tasks both within and between domains. These results support the model of SLE and highlight the need for further investigation of the constructs underlying such SLE evaluations.


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