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Fatigue performance of friction stir welded marine grade steel

Polezhayeva, Helena and Toumpis, Athanasios and Galloway, Alexander and Molter, Lars and Ahmad, Bilal and Fitzpatrick, Michael E. (2015) Fatigue performance of friction stir welded marine grade steel. International Journal of Fatigue, 81. pp. 162-170. ISSN 0142-1123

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An extensive study on the fatigue performance of friction stir welded DH36 steel was carried out. The main focus of this experimental testing programme was fatigue testing accompanied by tensile tests, geometry measurements, hardness and residual stress measurements, and fracture surface examination. The S-N curve for friction stir butt welded joints was generated and compared with the International Institute of Welding recommendations for conventional fusion butt welds. Friction stir welds of marine grade steel exceeded the relevant rules for fusion welding. This newly developed S-N curve is being proposed for use in the relevant fatigue assessment guidelines for friction stir welding of low alloy steel. Fracture surfaces were examined to investigate the fatigue failure mechanism, which was found to be affected by the processing features generated by the friction stir welding tool.