Charge dependence of neoclassical and turbulent transport of light impurities on MAST

Henderson, S S and Garzotti, L and Casson, F J and Dickinson, D and O'Mullane, M and Patel, A and Roach, C M and Summers, H P and Tanabe, H and Valovic, M (2015) Charge dependence of neoclassical and turbulent transport of light impurities on MAST. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 57 (9). ISSN 0741-3335

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    Abstract

    Carbon and nitrogen impurity transport coefficients are determined from gas puff experiments carried out during repeat L-mode discharges on the Mega-Amp Spherical Tokamak (MAST) and compared against a previous analysis of helium impurity transport on MAST. The impurity density profiles are measured on the low-field side of the plasma, therefore this paper focuses on light impurities where the impact of poloidal asymmetries on impurity transportis predicted to be negligible. A weak screening of carbon and nitrogen is found in the plasma core, whereas the helium density profile is peaked over the entire plasma radius. Both carbon and nitrogen experience a diffusivity of the order of 10 m2s-1 and a strong inward convective velocity of ~40 m s-1 near the plasma edge, and a region of outward convective velocity at mid-radius. The measured impurity transport coefficients are consistent with neoclassical Banana-Plateau predictions within ρ≤0.4. Quasi-linear gyrokinetic predictions of the carbon and helium particle flux at two flux surfaces, ρ= 0.6 and ρ= 0.7, suggest that trapped electron modes are responsible for the anomalous impurity transport observed in the outer regions of the plasma. The model, combining neoclassical transport with quasi-linear turbulence, is shown to provide reasonable estimates of the impurity transport coefficients and the impurity charge dependence.