Determination of friction factor by ring compression testing and FE analysis

Gzyl, Michal Zbigniew and Rosochowski, Andrzej and Qarni, Muhammad Jawad and Olejnik, Lech (2015) Determination of friction factor by ring compression testing and FE analysis. Computer Methods in Materials Science, 15 (1). pp. 156-161. ISSN 1641-8581

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The goal of this study was to examine performance of various lubricants for aluminium alloy AA5083. Conventional ring compression tests were conducted at 200 °C. Samples were compressed to 50% of the initial height with a constant ram velocity 0.5 mm/s using a servo-controlled hydraulic press. The optimization procedure was implemented in self-developed software to identify friction factors from experiments. The application launches remotely finite element (FE) simulations of ring compression with a changing friction factor until a difference between experiment and numerical prediction of the internal diameter of the sample is smaller than 0.5%. FE simulations were run using Forge3 commercial software. The obtained friction factor quantitatively describes performance of a lubricant and can be used as an input parameter in FE simulation of other processes. It was shown that application of calcium aluminate conversion coating as pre-lubrication surface treatment reduced friction factor from 0.28 to 0.18 for MoS2 paste. It was also revealed that commercially available graphite-based lubricant with an addition of calcium fluoride applied on conversion coating of calcium aluminate had even lower friction factor of 0.11