Examining pharmacy workforce issues in the United States and the United kingdom

Covvey, Jordan R. and Cohron, Peter P. and Mullen, Alexander B. (2015) Examining pharmacy workforce issues in the United States and the United kingdom. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 79 (2). ISSN 0002-9459

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      Abstract

      The objective of this item it to examine available data and actions surrounding current pharmacy workforce issues in the United States and United Kingdom.  Published pharmacy workforce data from the United States and United Kingdom were gathered from various sources, including PUBMED, Internet search engines, and pharmacy organization websites. Data was collated from additional sources including scientific literature, internal documents, news releases, and policy positions.  The number of colleges and schools of pharmacy has expanded by approximately 50% in both the United States and United Kingdom over the previous decade. In the United States, continued demand for the pharmacy workforce has been forecasted, but this need is based on outdated supply figures and assumptions for economic recovery. In the United Kingdom, workforce modeling has predicted a significant future oversupply of pharmacists, and action within the profession has attempted to address the situation through educational planning and regulation.  Workforce planning is an essential task for sustaining a healthy profession. Recent workforce planning mechanisms in the United Kingdom may provide guidance for renewed efforts within the profession in the United States.