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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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The effect of offshore port systems to container sector' energy efficiency

Kurt, Ismail and Boulougouris, Evangelos and Turan, Osman (2014) The effect of offshore port systems to container sector' energy efficiency. In: The 2nd International Conference on Maritime Technology (ICMT2014), 2014-07-07 - 2014-07-09, University of Strathclyde.

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Shipping sector has some duty and responsibilities like other gas emitter sectors. When it is thought that ships are mobile emitters, so these duty and responsibilities should be handled at international conjecture. At the international level, UN, EU, US and IMO play a remarkable role to catch future emission and energy efficiency targets with the aid of projects, policies and regulations. As highest level authority for maritime sector, IMO aims to set in motion all maritime sectors with their all components from building to scrapping. This target can be reached when technologies, methods and systems are combined ideally and adapted to the sector correctly. In this frame, the aim of this paper is that to make contribution to energy efficiency with the aid of a new port system which is offshore port system. The paper will focus on container sector and offshore port by investigating container sector developments and the paper suggest the offshore ports as a response to developments in the container sector. Specifically, the contribution of the offshore ports to energy efficiency of the sector is examined in the light of data from container shipping. It is assessed that the possible effect of the offshore ports to liner operator behaviours in terms of economies of scale, alliances among leader container companies in order to provide efficiency. As a conclusion, it is expected that offshore port systems could be future’s energy efficient and eco-friendly port systems.