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Open Access research that is exploring the innovative potential of sustainable design solutions in architecture and urban planning...

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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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Challenges and opportunities for LNG as a ship fuel source and an application to bunkering network optimisation

Aymelek, M. and Boulougouris, E. K. and Turan, O. and Konovessis, D. (2014) Challenges and opportunities for LNG as a ship fuel source and an application to bunkering network optimisation. In: Maritime Technology and Engineering. CRC Press, London, 767–776. ISBN 9781138027275

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In this research paper we aim to establish a system approach framework to contribute to a better holistic comprehending about utilisation of LNG as a marine fuel source for deep sea container ships operating on the main liner shipping routes. We briefly touch on outlines of price and emission opportunities, as well as operational and safety challenges, and system adaptation stages of LNG bunkering for container ships. We demonstrate an LNG fuelled global marine container transport network model in order to meet requirements of bunkering operations, fleet utilisation and marine container transportation demand. Outcomes of this research will assist further developments of LNG bunkering based liner service operational strategies of deep sea container liner ship operators.