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Optimization study of weld geometry in the tandem submerged arc welding process

Kakaie-Lafdaini, Mohammad Hadi and Ghadiri-Zahrani, Ismaeil and Galloway, Alexander (2015) Optimization study of weld geometry in the tandem submerged arc welding process. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 229 (6). pp. 1068-1077. ISSN 2041-2975

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For any welded component, the weld geometry is a determinative criterion that has a strong influence on the mechanical integrity of the joint. It is therefore important that the weld geometry is adequately considered when establishing the design of the component being welded. Based on the tandem submerged arc welding process, this study reports on an experimental and optimization investigation of the weld geometry characteristics such as bead width, reinforcement form factor and penetration shape factor. The selected process parameters were welding amperage and welding voltage, and these were initially investigated to determine their effect on weld geometry. From this, the results indicated that all developed models for these outputs predicted the behavior of the inputs with high precision. Thus, an optimal condition was established in which the penetration depth was maximized, and hence, a multi-response optimization was determined. Also, the conditions in which the weld reinforcement form factor (W/R) and penetration shape factor (W/P) were minimized are determined and validated.