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Literary linguistics: Open Access research in English language

Strathprints makes available Open Access scholarly outputs by English Studies at Strathclyde. Particular research specialisms include literary linguistics, the study of literary texts using techniques drawn from linguistics and cognitive science.

The team also demonstrates research expertise in Renaissance studies, researching Renaissance literature, the history of ideas and language and cultural history. English hosts the Centre for Literature, Culture & Place which explores literature and its relationships with geography, space, landscape, travel, architecture, and the environment.

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Optimisation of a lipid based oral delivery system containing A/Panama influenza haemagglutinin

Mann, J.F.S. and Ferro, V.A. and Mullen, A. and Tetley, L. and Mullen, M. and Carter, K.C. and Alexander, J. and Stimson, W.H. (2004) Optimisation of a lipid based oral delivery system containing A/Panama influenza haemagglutinin. Vaccine, 22 (19). pp. 2425-2429. ISSN 0264-410X

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Abstract

Vaccine antigens administered by the oral route are often degraded by gastric secretions during gastrointestinal transit. This necessitates larger and more frequent doses of antigen for vaccination. A delivery system, which overcomes this, is a lipid vesicle containing bile salts (bilosome), which prevents antigen degradation and enhances mucosal penetration. The effect of bilosome formulation modification on vaccine transit efficacy across the mucosa was determined. Specific antibody levels were assessed by end-point titre ELISA and the subclasses determined. Significant IgG1 titres were induced when the protein loading was doubled from 15 to 30 μg (P=0.009) and was equivalent to antigen administration by the subcutaneous route. No IgG2a was induced, indicating the generation of a TH2 response. Significant mucosal IgA levels were also observed with this treatment group (P=0.05).