Synthesis, characterization and luminescence studies of gold(I)-NHC amide complexes

Gómez-Suárez, Adrián and Nelson, David J. and Thompson, David G. and Cordes, David B. and Graham, Duncan and Slawin, Alexandra M Z and Nolan, Steven P. (2013) Synthesis, characterization and luminescence studies of gold(I)-NHC amide complexes. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 9. pp. 2216-2223. ISSN 1860-5397

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Abstract

A flexible, efficient and straightforward methodology for the synthesis of N-heterocyclic carbene gold(I)-amide complexes is reported. Reaction of the versatile building block [Au(OH)(IPr)] (1) (IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl) imidazol-2-ylidene) with a series of commercially available (hetero)aromatic amines leads to the synthesis of several [Au(NRR')(IPr)] complexes in good yields and with water as the sole byproduct. Interestingly, these complexes present luminescence properties. UV-vis and fluorescence measurements have allowed the identification of their excitation and emission wavelengths (λmax). These studies revealed that by selecting the appropriate amine ligand the emission can be easily tuned to achieve a variety of colors, from violet to green.