Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

Knowledge exchange : a comparison of policies, strategies, and funding incentives in English and Scottish higher education

Kitagawa, F. and Lightowler, C. (2013) Knowledge exchange : a comparison of policies, strategies, and funding incentives in English and Scottish higher education. Educational Research and Evaluation, 22 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0958-2029

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Knowledge exchange (KE)/transfer is seen as priority areas for research and innovation policy development across many countries. What is distinctive over the past 30 years is the 'institutionalization' of KE between academic researchers within the higher education sector and knowledge users outside the sector, and more recently 'incentivization' of such activities at national and sub-national policy and at the institutional levels. Critically adopting the framework of Bozeman's 'Contingent Effectiveness Model' of technology transfer, this article develops analytical frameworks in order to examine the policy conditions and dynamics through which knowledge flows and interactions are promoted. Given the recent 'asymmetric' devolution processes of higher education, and the UK national research policy objectives and structures, a combination of different 'policy effectiveness models' are pursued in England and Scotland. We show that the two higher education funding councils, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) and the Scottish Funding Councils (SFC), act as 'policy transfer agent' - along with the set of relevant stakeholders, they have chosen different strategies for policy incentives and funding allocation mechanisms. One of the key challenges for each of the funding councils seems to be the establishment of criteria to distribute these funds across the sector. We discuss limits of supply side incentivization and suggest some alternative approaches by combining different policy effectiveness models and criteria.