Monarchs and parliaments in a Scottish context : the Scottish restoration parliament and the reassertion of the royal prerogative of Charles II as King of Scotland

Young, John; Corciulo, Maria Sofia, ed. (2013) Monarchs and parliaments in a Scottish context : the Scottish restoration parliament and the reassertion of the royal prerogative of Charles II as King of Scotland. In: Ricordo di Antonio Marongiu. Rubbettino, Italy, pp. 69-85. ISBN 9788849835519

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      Abstract

      This chapter examines the Restoration Settlement that was enacted in the Scottish Parliament of 1661-1663 and how the prerogative powers of the Scottish monarchy were reasserted in the aftermath of conquest by Oliver Cromwell and occupation of Scotland between 1651 and 1660. The longer-term perspective against which this monarchical reassertion was set was the experience of the Covenanting Parliaments of 1639-41. During this period, the Scottish Parliament had become more powerful at the expense of the monarchy. This had been legislated for in particular in the Scottish constitutional settlement of 1640-41. In essence, therefore, there were two important contexts in which Scottish parliamentary developments of 1661-63 should be viewed: foreign conquest and occupation and an earlier period of constitutional reform that had restricted the powers of the Scottish monarchy and increased those of the Scottish Parliament.