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Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters

Cai, Xinlun and Wang, Jianwei and Strain, Michael J and Johnson-Morris, Benjamin and Zhu, Jiangbo and Sorel, Marc and O'Brien, Jeremy L and Thompson, Mark G and Yu, Siyuan (2012) Integrated compact optical vortex beam emitters. Science, 338 (6105). pp. 363-366. ISSN 0036-8075

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Abstract

Emerging applications based on optical beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) will probably require photonic integrated devices and circuits for miniaturization, improved performance, and enhanced functionality. We demonstrate silicon-integrated optical vortex emitters, using angular gratings to extract light confined in whispering gallery modes with high OAM into free-space beams with well-controlled amounts of OAM. The smallest device has a radius of 3.9 micrometers. Experimental characterization confirms the theoretical prediction that the emitted beams carry exactly defined and adjustable OAM. Fabrication of integrated arrays and demonstration of simultaneous emission of multiple identical optical vortices provide the potential for large-scale integration of optical vortex emitters on complementary metal-oxide–semiconductor compatible silicon chips for wide-ranging applications.