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Research activity at Architecture explores a wide variety of significant research areas within architecture and the built environment. Among these is the better exploitation of innovative construction technologies and ICT to optimise 'total building performance', as well as reduce waste and environmental impact. Sustainable architectural and urban design is an important component of this. To this end, the Cluster for Research in Design and Sustainability (CRiDS) focuses its research energies towards developing resilient responses to the social, environmental and economic challenges associated with urbanism and cities, in both the developed and developing world.

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The malls in the online shopping era

Suau, Cristian and Bauza, M (2012) The malls in the online shopping era. Cercle review, 006. ISSN 2014-0142

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This study is focused on the evolution of massive retail architecture as polyvalent container and consistent public space no longer located in the periphery, but as generic spaces within inner cities. Its aim is also to reflect on the adaptation of these large commercial complexes as they are affected by the new digital market and their impact on the urban design concerning public interiors in European cities. Some exemplary types of shopping malls: L’Illa in Barcelona, Spain; Almere Stad shopping centre in Almere, Holland and St David’s in Cardiff, UK, have been critically compared by analysing their urban, formal and functional transformations.