Deeply bound ultracold molecules in an optical lattice

Danzl, Johann G. and Mark, Manfred J. and Haller, Elmar and Gustavsson, Mattias and Hart, Russell and Liem, Andreas and Zellmer, Holger and Nägerl, Hanns-Christoph (2009) Deeply bound ultracold molecules in an optical lattice. New Journal of Physics, 11. ISSN 1367-2630

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    Abstract

    We demonstrate efficient transfer of ultracold molecules into a deeply bound rovibrational level of the singlet ground state potential in the presence of an optical lattice. The overall molecule creation efficiency is 25%, and the transfer efficiency to the rovibrational level vertical bar v = 73, J = 2 > is above 80%. We find that the molecules in vertical bar v = 73, J = 2 > are trapped in the optical lattice, and that the lifetime in the lattice is limited by optical excitation by the lattice light. The molecule trapping time for a lattice depth of 15 atomic recoil energies is about 20 ms. We determine the trapping frequency by the lattice phase and amplitude modulation technique. It will now be possible to transfer the molecules to the rovibrational ground state vertical bar v = 0, J = 0 > in the presence of the optical lattice.