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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Estrogen is neuroprotective via an apolipoprotein e-dependent mechanism in a mouse model of global ischemia

Horsburgh, K.J. and Macrae, I.M. and Carswell, H.V.O. (2002) Estrogen is neuroprotective via an apolipoprotein e-dependent mechanism in a mouse model of global ischemia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 22 (10). pp. 1189-1195. ISSN 0271-678X

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Estrogen can ameliorate brain damage in experimental models of focal cerebral ischemia. In vitro, estrogen increases levels of apolipoprotein E (apoE), which also has neuroprotective effects in brain injury. The authors tested the hypotheses that physiologically relevant levels of 17-estradiol are neuroprotective in global cerebral ischemia and that neuroprotection is mediated via apoE. In the first study, subcutaneous implants of 17-estradiol were tested in female C57Bl/6J mice (ovariectomized and nonovariectomized) and plasma levels measured by radioimmunoassay to validate that physiologically relevant levels could be achieved. In the second study, female C57Bl/6J and apoE-deficient mice were ovariectomized and implanted with 17-estradiol or placebo pellet. Two weeks later, transient global ischemia was induced by bilateral carotid artery occlusion and the mice killed after 72 hours. Ischemic and normal neurons were counted in the caudate nucleus and CA1 pyramidal cell layer and the percentage of neuronal damage was compared between the treated groups. In C57Bl/6J mice, there was less neuronal damage in the 17-estradiol–treated group compared with placebo group in the caudate nucleus (15 20% versus 39 27%, P = 0.02) and in the CA1 pyramidal cell layer (1.8 2% versus 10 14%, P = 0.08). In contrast, neuronal damage was not significantly different between the 17-estradiol and placebo groups in apoE-deficient mice in the caudate nucleus (47 35% versus 53 29%, P = 0.7) or in the CA1 pyramidal cell layer (24 19% versus 24 19%, P = 1.0). The data indicate a neuroprotective role for estrogen in global ischemia, the mechanism of which is apoE-dependent.