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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Application of the subjective vertical–horizontal-conflict physiological motion sickness model to the field trials of contemporary vessels

Khalid, Hassan and Turan, Osman and Bos, Jelte E. and Incecik, Atilla (2011) Application of the subjective vertical–horizontal-conflict physiological motion sickness model to the field trials of contemporary vessels. Ocean Engineering, 38 (1). pp. 22-33. ISSN 0029-8018

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Subjective-vertical conflict theory (Bles et al., 1998) postulates that all motion sickness provoking situations are characterized by a condition in which the vertical (gravity) sensed by the visual, vestibular and non-vestibular proprioceptors are at variance with the subjective (expected) vertical. SV-conflict models have successfully been used by Bos and Bles (2000), Verveniotis and Turan (2002b), Bos et al. (2002a) and Dallinga et al. (2002), to predict motion sickness of passenger ferries. However, considering the prevalence of significantly high level of horizontal acceleration aboard contemporary vessels, Khalid et al. (in press) proposed a further elaboration of a physiological (subjective-vertical–horizontal, SVH-conflict) model that explicitly incorporates the effects of horizontal accelerations. They hypothesized that the explanation of motion sickness variability may improve, by considering the combined effects of subjective vertical as well as subjective horizontal conflicts (difference between the sensed and 'expected' horizontal accelerations). This paper briefly presents the SVH-conflict model and demonstrates its application to 68 field trials of 10 different vessels. Percentages of seasick passengers, observed during the field trials, are statistically compared with physiological and descriptive (O’Hanlon and McCauley, 1974; ISO 2631-1, 1997) motion sickness models. In general, SVH-conflict is statistically outperforming the descriptive models and displaying improvement over the SV-conflict model.