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The cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4A5 is cleaved downstream of its SH3 interaction domain by caspase-3 : consequences for altered intracellular distribution

Huston, Elaine and Beard, Matthew and McCallum, Fraser and Pyne, Nigel J. and Vandenabeele, Peter and Scotland, Grant and Houslay, Miles D. (2000) The cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4A5 is cleaved downstream of its SH3 interaction domain by caspase-3 : consequences for altered intracellular distribution. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275 (36). pp. 28063-28074. ISSN 1083-351X

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The unique N-terminal region of the cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4A5, which confers an ability to bind to certain protein SH3 domains, is cleaved during apoptosis in both Rat-1 fibroblasts and PC12 cells. Cleavage was abolished by the caspase-3-selective inhibitor, z-DEVD-CHO but not the caspase-1 selective inhibitor, z-YVAD-CHO. Caspase-3 treatment of PDE4A5, expressed either transiently in COS cells or generated in vitro by coupled transcription translation, generated a similar cleavage product of 100 kDa compared with the native 110-kDa PDE4A5. This product could be detected immunochemically with an antibody raised to a C-terminal PDE4A5 peptide but not an antibody raised to the N terminus of PDE4A5, indicating that caspase-3 caused N-terminal cleavage of PDE4A5. Deletion of the putative caspase-3 cleavage site, (69)DAVD(72), in PDE4A5, or generation of either the D72A or the D69A mutants, ablated the ability of caspase-3 to cause cleavage. The N-terminal truncate PDE4A5-DeltaP3 was engineered to mimic the caspase-cleaved product of PDE4A5. This showed altered catalytic activity and, unlike PDE4A5, was unable to interact with the SH3 domain of the tyrosyl kinase, LYN. Although both PDE4A5 and PDE4A5-DeltaP3 were localized at cell cortical regions (ruffles), the distinct perinuclear association noted for both PDE4A5 and LYN was not seen for PDE4A5-DeltaP3. Staurosporine-induced apoptosis caused a marked redistribution of PDE4A5 but not PDE4A8 in stably transfected Rat-1 cells. The PDE4-selective inhibitor, rolipram together with the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin, caused a synergistic increase in the apoptosis of Rat-1 cells. Overexpression of PDE4A5 in Rat-1 cells protected against staurosporine-induced apoptosis in contrast to overexpression of PDE4A8, which potentiated apoptosis. PDE4A5 may be the sole PDE4 family member to provide a substrate for caspase-3 cleavage and this action serves to remove the SH3 binding domain that is unique to this isoform within the PDE4A family and to alter its intracellular targeting.