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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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The cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4A5 is cleaved downstream of its SH3 interaction domain by caspase-3 : consequences for altered intracellular distribution

Huston, Elaine and Beard, Matthew and McCallum, Fraser and Pyne, Nigel J. and Vandenabeele, Peter and Scotland, Grant and Houslay, Miles D. (2000) The cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4A5 is cleaved downstream of its SH3 interaction domain by caspase-3 : consequences for altered intracellular distribution. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 275 (36). pp. 28063-28074. ISSN 1083-351X

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The unique N-terminal region of the cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase PDE4A5, which confers an ability to bind to certain protein SH3 domains, is cleaved during apoptosis in both Rat-1 fibroblasts and PC12 cells. Cleavage was abolished by the caspase-3-selective inhibitor, z-DEVD-CHO but not the caspase-1 selective inhibitor, z-YVAD-CHO. Caspase-3 treatment of PDE4A5, expressed either transiently in COS cells or generated in vitro by coupled transcription translation, generated a similar cleavage product of 100 kDa compared with the native 110-kDa PDE4A5. This product could be detected immunochemically with an antibody raised to a C-terminal PDE4A5 peptide but not an antibody raised to the N terminus of PDE4A5, indicating that caspase-3 caused N-terminal cleavage of PDE4A5. Deletion of the putative caspase-3 cleavage site, (69)DAVD(72), in PDE4A5, or generation of either the D72A or the D69A mutants, ablated the ability of caspase-3 to cause cleavage. The N-terminal truncate PDE4A5-DeltaP3 was engineered to mimic the caspase-cleaved product of PDE4A5. This showed altered catalytic activity and, unlike PDE4A5, was unable to interact with the SH3 domain of the tyrosyl kinase, LYN. Although both PDE4A5 and PDE4A5-DeltaP3 were localized at cell cortical regions (ruffles), the distinct perinuclear association noted for both PDE4A5 and LYN was not seen for PDE4A5-DeltaP3. Staurosporine-induced apoptosis caused a marked redistribution of PDE4A5 but not PDE4A8 in stably transfected Rat-1 cells. The PDE4-selective inhibitor, rolipram together with the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin, caused a synergistic increase in the apoptosis of Rat-1 cells. Overexpression of PDE4A5 in Rat-1 cells protected against staurosporine-induced apoptosis in contrast to overexpression of PDE4A8, which potentiated apoptosis. PDE4A5 may be the sole PDE4 family member to provide a substrate for caspase-3 cleavage and this action serves to remove the SH3 binding domain that is unique to this isoform within the PDE4A family and to alter its intracellular targeting.