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The effect of selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on plasma insulin concentrations and insulin secretion in vitro in the rat

El-Metwally, M and Shafiee-Nick, R and Pyne, N J and Furman, B L (1997) The effect of selective phosphodiesterase inhibitors on plasma insulin concentrations and insulin secretion in vitro in the rat. European Journal of Pharmacology, 324 (2-3). pp. 227-232. ISSN 0014-2999

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We have examined in rats the effects of Org 9935 (4,5-dihydro-6-(5,6-dimethoxy-benzo[b]-thien-2-yl)-methyl-1-(2H)-p yridazinone), a selective inhibitor of type 3 phosphodiesterase (phosphodiesterase 3) and Org 30029 (N-hydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy-benzo[b]-thiophene-2-carboximidamide HCl), an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3/4 on rat plasma insulin and glucose concentrations in pentobarbitone-anaesthetised rats and on insulin secretion by rat isolated islets. We have also compared their effects on islet phosphodiesterase activity. Org 9935 (0.1 and 1.0 mg kg(-1) i.v. 15 min previously) dose dependently elevated fasting and post-glucose (0.25 g kg(-1) i.v.) plasma insulin concentrations. Org 30029 in a dose of 10 mg kg(-1), but not 1 mg kg(-1), also increased plasma insulin concentrations. Neither drug modified either fasting or post-glucose plasma glucose concentrations. Each drug augmented glucose-induced insulin release by rat isolated islets in a static incubation system, with approximate EC50 values of 1.5 microM for Org 9935 and 20 microM for Org 30029. Phosphodiesterase activity, in both supernatant and pellet fractions of islet homogenates, was inhibited concentration dependently by each drug. Although the shape of the concentration-inhibition curve for Org 30029 precluded estimation of an IC50 value, this drug was clearly much less potent than Org 9935 (IC50 about 50 nM) in inhibiting islet phosphodiesterase activity. We conclude that the increase in plasma insulin produced by each drug is a consequence of augmented insulin secretion, probably secondary to inhibition of phosphodiesterase 3 in the islet beta cell, with a resultant elevation in cAMP. The failure of the drugs to modify plasma glucose may be due to concomitant inhibition of cAMP phosphodiesterase in liver and adipose tissue.