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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Novel tacrine analogues for potential use against Alzheimer's disease : potent and selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and 5-HT uptake inhibitors

McKenna, M T and Proctor, G R and Young, L C and Harvey, A L (1997) Novel tacrine analogues for potential use against Alzheimer's disease : potent and selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and 5-HT uptake inhibitors. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 40 (22). pp. 3516-3523. ISSN 0022-2623

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Abstract

Several novel analogues of tacrine have been synthesized and tested for their ability to inhibit acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase, and neuronal uptake of 5-HT (serotonin) and noradrenaline. Changes in the size of the carbocyclic ring of tacrine produced modest potency against cholinesterase enzymes. Addition of a fourth ring resulted in compounds with marked selectivity for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) over butyrylcholinesterase (BChE): e.g. 6-amino-4,5-benzo-5H-cyclopenta[1,2-b]-quinoline (14a) had an IC50 of 0.35 microM against AChE and 3.1 microM against BChE. Some tetracyclic compounds are 100-400 times more active than tacrine as inhibitors of neuronal uptake of serotonin, in particular 13-amino-6,7-dihydro-5H-benzo-[3,4]cyclohepta[1,2-b]quinoline (18), which had an IC50 of 20 nM. These compounds would be expected to facilitate both cholinergic and monoaminergic transmission. They should be worth investigating in models of memory impairment.