Triglyceride glucose index as an indicator of cardiovascular risk in Syrian refugees

Ibrahim, Ameerah Hasan and Hammad, Alaa Mahmoud and Al-Qerem, Walid and Alaqabani, Hakam and Hall, F. Scott and Alasmari, Fawaz (2024) Triglyceride glucose index as an indicator of cardiovascular risk in Syrian refugees. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity, 17. pp. 1403-1414. ISSN 1178-7007 (

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Background: The triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is a quick and inexpensive approach to measure insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the TyG index’s ability to predict cardiovascular risk and determine the TyG index cutoff values in Syrian refugees. Methods: A retrospective research study was conducted with 756 Syrian refugees. Data on demographics and clinical laboratory assessments were obtained from refugee’s files. The formula Ln [fasting triglycerides (mg/dL) × fasting plasma glucose (mg (dL)/2] was used to calculate the TyG index. The Framingham risk score was used to calculate ten-year cardiovascular risk. The TyG index cutoff point was determined using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: Included participants had a mean age of 56.76 ± 10.78 years and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 27.42 ± 4.03 kg/m2. 28.57% of the subjects were smokers, and the majority were female (56.75%). A significant moderate correlation was observed between TyG index and Framingham score (r = 0.428, p < 0.001). ROC curve analysis for TyG index and Framingham score showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.741 (95% CI = 0.691–0.791; p < 0.001). The cutoff value of the TyG index to recognize intermediate/high risk Framingham risk score was 9.33, with a sensitivity of 64.3%, and specificity of 75.0%. Conclusion: Our findings determine that, given a TyG index cutoff value of 9.33, the TyG index has a predictive ability to assess ten-year cardiovascular risk by comparison to the Framingham risk score in a high-risk group of Syrian refugees and can be used as an independent indicator of cardiovascular risk.