Ghana 3D Telemedicine International MDT : A proof-of-concept study

Lo, Steven and Rose, Anna and Fowers, Spencer and Darko, Kwame and Britto, Andrea and Spina, Thiago and Ankrah, Levi and Godonu, Arnold and Ntreh, Daniel and Lalwani, Ruchi and Graham, Catriona and Tittsworth, David and McIntyre, Aileen and O'Dowd, Chris and Watson, Stuart and Maguire, Roma and Hoak, Amber and Ampomah, Opoku and Cutler, Ben, 3DTM (3D Telemedicine) Collaborative research group (2024) Ghana 3D Telemedicine International MDT : A proof-of-concept study. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, 88. pp. 425-435. ISSN 1878-0539 (

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A real-time 3D Telemedicine system – leveraging Microsoft's Holoportation™ communication technology – enabled an international multidisciplinary team meeting (MDT) to consult with complex reconstructive patients before, during, and after an overseas surgical collaboration. Methods: A proof-of-concept international 3D MDT clinic took place in November 2022, between the Canniesburn Plastic Surgery Unit, UK, and the National Reconstructive Plastic Surgery and Burns Centre, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana. The 3D system was utilised 1) previsit to assess patients and enable logistical planning, 2) on-site in Ghana to further allow patients to see themselves and proposed operations in 3D, and 3) post visit to debrief the team and patients. Results: Four Ghana patients were followed through their patient journey (mandibular ameloblastoma, sarcoma thigh, maxillary tumour, sarcoma back). Thirteen participants (four patients, four Ghana clinicians, and five UK clinicians) completed feedback on the 3D MDT. Outcome measures were rated highly with satisfaction 84.31/100, perceived benefit 4.54/5, overall quality 127.3/147 (Telehealth Usability Questionnaire), and usability 83.2/100 (System Usability Scale). These data show close alignment with that previously published on high-income countries. Conclusions: This novel technology has the potential to enhance the delivery of overseas surgical visits to low-to-middle-income countries, by improving planning, informed discussion with patients, expert consensus on complex cases, and fostering engagement with professionals who may be thousands of miles away. This is the first demonstration that real-time 3D Telemedicine can both work, and enhance care within an international MDT clinic, and may thus enable change in the approach to overseas surgical collaborations.