DC voltage stability analysis and enhancement for grid-forming-based MTDC systems

Pang, Ying and Egea-Alvarez, Agusti and Gonzalez-Torres, Juan Carlos and Shinoda, Kosei and Perez, Filipe and Benchaib, Abdelkrim (2024) DC voltage stability analysis and enhancement for grid-forming-based MTDC systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. pp. 1-4. ISSN 0885-8993 (https://doi.org/10.1109/tpel.2024.3387126)

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This letter first identifies a new mode of lowfrequency harmonic instability when combining grid-forming control with the typical DC voltage droop control necessitated in multi-terminal high voltage direct-current transmissions. This mode does not exist when grid-following control is applied and its mechanism is explicitly revealed by the DC-side input admittance modeling of the converter. Then, a phase compensator plus a virtual power system stabilizer are introduced to pacify the input admittance within the critical frequency range and de-risk the related instability. Last, it is also demonstrated that the proposed control strategy achieves excellent performance in contingent active power imbalance ride-through in the DC system. All the analyses are verified by electro-magnetic-transient simulations with a modular multi-level converter model comprising 278 submodules per arm.