Effects of polyurethane hardness on the propagation of acoustic signals from partial discharge

Samad, Abdul and Siew, W H and Given, Martin and Timoshkin, Igor and Liggat, John (2024) Effects of polyurethane hardness on the propagation of acoustic signals from partial discharge. High Voltage. ISSN 2397-7264 (In Press)

[thumbnail of Samad-etal-HV-2024-Effects-of-polyurethane-hardness-on-the-propagation-of-acoustic-signals] Text. Filename: Samad-etal-HV-2024-Effects-of-polyurethane-hardness-on-the-propagation-of-acoustic-signals.pdf
Accepted Author Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 January 2099.
License: Strathprints license 1.0

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


Polymeric insulation is a critical component of high voltage systems. However, exposure to high electric stress can cause partial discharges (PDs) to occur and may result in deterioration of the insulation and lead to dielectric failure. These PD events are accompanied by the production of acoustic pressure impulses in the polymer. Detection of these acoustic pressure impulses can reveal the presence of PDs and locate their source. However, analysing the acoustic emission (AE) signal detected is challenging. The acoustic pressure source's nature and the propagating medium's properties, such as density, viscosity, and elasticity, significantly affect the propagating AE signal. In this work, the effects of the hardness of the polyurethane (PU) on the propagating AE signal are reported based on results obtained from laboratory experiments. It was observed that the decay rate in the magnitude of the acoustic impulse was high in PU at all hardness levels following an exponential behaviour. The analysis of the frequency spectra indicates that the higher frequency components attenuate more strongly with distance. These laboratory results can be valuable for engineers and industries as they provide valuable insight into how the physical characteristics of a material affect the propagation characteristics of AE signals during the detection and location of PD source using the AE detection technique.