Phonon-induced band gap renormalization by dielectric dependent global hybrid density functional tight-binding

Heide, Tammo van der and Hourahine, Ben and Aradi, Bálint and Frauenheim, Thomas and Niehaus, Thomas A. (2024) Phonon-induced band gap renormalization by dielectric dependent global hybrid density functional tight-binding. Other., Ithaca, NY. (

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Accurate electronic bandstructures of solids are indispensable for a wide variety of applications and should provide a sound prediction of phonon-induced band gap renormalization at finite temperatures. We employ our previously introduced formalism of general hybrid functionals within the approximate density functional method, DFTB, to present first insights into the accuracy of temperature dependent band gaps obtained by a dielectric-dependent global hybrid functional. The work targets the prototypical group-IV semiconductors diamond and silicon. Following Zacharias et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 177401 (2015)], we sample the nuclear wave function by stochastic Monte-Carlo integration as well as the deterministic one-shot procedure [Phys. Rev. B 94, 075125 (2016)] derived from it. The computational efficiency of DFTB enables us to further compare these approaches, which fully take nuclear quantum effects into account, with classical Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamic (BOMD) simulations. While the quantum mechanical treatments of Zacharias et al. yield band gaps in good agreement with experiment, calculations based on BOMD snapshots inadequately describe the renormalization effect at low temperatures. We demonstrate the importance of properly incorporating nuclear quantum effects by adapting the stochastic approach to normal amplitudes that arise from the classical equipartition principle. For low temperatures the results thus obtained closely resemble the BOMD predictions, while anharmonic effects become important beyond $500\,\mathrm{K}$. Comparisons between DFTB parametrized from semi-local DFT, and global hybrid DFTB, suggest that Fock-type exchange systematically yields a slightly more pronounced electron-phonon interaction, hence stronger gap renormalization and zero-point corrections.