Usage analysis of public AC chargers in the UK

Bayram, I. Safak and Saad, Ali and Sims, Ryan and Herron, Colin and Galloway, Stuart (2023) Usage analysis of public AC chargers in the UK. In: EVI: Charging Ahead, 2023-11-14 - 2023-11-17.

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In the United Kingdom, approximately 56% of the total charging network, consisting of forty thousand charge points, is comprised of fast AC chargers. However, there exists a significant lack of information regarding usage patterns, which poses a challenge for making informed decisions about future infrastructure planning. This paper focuses on a statistical analysis of the usage patterns of 416 public AC chargers (7 kW) in the UK, based on a dataset comprising over ten thousand charging sessions. The data was collected from one of the UK's largest AC charging network operators over a four-month period (April to July 2022). The study specifically examines the charging demand (measured in kWh) and utilisation rates of chargers located in four different types of parking lots: multi-storey, workplace, on-street, and surface car parks. The analysis reveals that the median charging demand remains consistent across different locations, but there is a high standard deviation in locations with parking restrictions. Two different utilisation metrics, namely sojourn-based and energy-based, are employed to assess the utilisation rates. The results indicate that the overall median utilization rates are generally low, with most locations recording rates below 5%. These findings contribute valuable insights for effective planning and optimal allocation of investments aimed at expanding charging infrastructure.