An additive-manufactured microwave cavity for a compact cold-atom clock

Batori, Etienne and Bregazzi, Alan and Lewis, Ben and F. Griffin, Paul and Riis, Erling and Mileti, Gaetano and Affolderbach, Christoph (2023) An additive-manufactured microwave cavity for a compact cold-atom clock. Journal of Applied Physics, 133 (22). 224401. ISSN 0021-8979 (

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We present an additive-manufactured microwave cavity for a Ramsey-type, double resonance, compact cold-atom clock. Atoms can be laser cooled inside the cavity using a grating magneto-optic trap with the cavity providing an excellent TE011-like mode while maintaining sufficient optical access for atomic detection. The cavity features a low Q-factor of 360 which conveniently reduces the cavity pulling of the future clock. Despite the potential porosity of the additive-manufacturing process, we demonstrate that the cavity is well-suited for vacuum. A preliminary clock setup using cold atoms allows for measuring the Zeeman spectrum and Rabi oscillations in the cavity which enables us to infer excellent field uniformity and homogeneity, respectively, across the volume accessed by the cold atoms. Ramsey spectroscopy is demonstrated, indicating that the cavity is suitable for clock applications. Finally, we discuss the limitations of the future clock.