Review of UK inland waterways transportation from the hydrodynamics point of view

Terziev, Momchil and Mosse, Jonathan and Norman, Rosemary and Pazouki, Kayvan and Lord, Richard and Tezdogan, Tahsin and Thompson, Charlotte and Konovessis, Dimitrios and Incecik, Atilla (2023) Review of UK inland waterways transportation from the hydrodynamics point of view. Urban Planning, 8 (3). pp. 438-454. ISSN 2183-7635 (

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There are approximately 7,000 miles of inland waterways in the UK, many of them built during the 18th and 19th centuries principally to transport bulk materials. These waterways provide numerous benefits to society and the economy. However, they have untapped potential for freight transport which could be released to provide more efficient solutions compared to other modes of transport. In addition to providing solutions to reduce emissions from land or air transportation, inland waterways also bring environmental and public health benefits to local communities. Therefore, these blue-green spaces should play a central role in government and local authority planning. This paper explores some of the issues which prevent full use of the inland waterways transportation from being achieved from the hydrodynamics point of view. Specifically, the concepts and ideas underpinning vessel operation are reviewed and discussed in detail in this paper. It is shown how hydrodynamic concepts can inform public policy to maximise the efficiency of transportation from inland waterways.