English Language Education for Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Scotland : Provision and Governance

Meer, Nasar and Peace, Timothy and Hill, Emma (2019) English Language Education for Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Scotland : Provision and Governance. GLIMER (Governance and Local Integration of Migrants and Europe's Refugees) Project, Edinburgh and Glasgow. (https://www.glimer.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/S...)

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1. ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages) provision for asylum seekers and refugees in Scotland is distinctive within the UK. The Scottish Government waives ESOL fees for asylum seekers, meaning that ESOL provision is not formally restricted according to immigration status. 2. The ESOL environment in Scotland is currently characterised by complexity. ESOL providers include: colleges, local authorities, ALEOs, the third sector and community organisations. ESOL courses are both accredited and non-accredited, run across a range of competencies, for speakers of other languages of all immigration statuses. 3. Funding for ESOL is channelled through a variety of routes, including through the Scottish Funding Council, the Vulnerable Person’s Resettlement Scheme (VPRS), local authority Community Learning and Development funds and NGO funders. Funding routes can be variable, but each contains specific requirements for ESOL provision and shapes (a) how courses are delivered and (b) who can attend. 4. Recent changes to the funding pathways for Scottish Funding Council resources has (a) redirected the responsibility for funding distribution from Community Planning Partnerships to colleges and (b) sought to increase oversight for resources by emphasising accredited learning. GLIMER research suggests that these changes may negatively impact learning opportunities and experiences for displaced migrants.