Sliding flows of yield-stress fluids

Chaparian, Emad and Tammisola, Outi (2021) Sliding flows of yield-stress fluids. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 911. A17. ISSN 0022-1120 (

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A theoretical and numerical study of complex sliding flows of yield-stress fluids is presented. Yield-stress fluids are known to slide over solid surfaces if the tangential stress exceeds the sliding yield stress. The sliding may occur due to various microscopic phenomena such as the formation of an infinitesimal lubrication layer of the solvent and/or elastic deformation of the suspended soft particles in the vicinity of the solid surfaces. This leads to a 'stick-slip' law which complicates the modelling and analysis of the hydrodynamic characteristics of the yield-stress fluid flow. In the present study, we formulate the problem of sliding flow beyond one-dimensional rheometric flows. Then, a numerical scheme based on the augmented Lagrangian method is presented to attack these kind of problems. Theoretical tools are developed for analysing the flow/no-flow limit. The whole framework is benchmarked in planar Poiseuille flow and validated against analytical solutions. Then two more complex physical problems are investigated: slippery particle sedimentation and pressure-driven sliding flow in porous media. The yield limit is addressed in detail for both flow cases. In the particle sedimentation problem, method of characteristics - slipline method - in the presence of slip is revisited from the perfectly plastic mechanics and used as a helpful tool in addressing the yield limit. Finally, flows through model and randomized porous media are studied. The randomized configuration is chosen to capture more sophisticated aspects of the yield-stress fluid flows in porous media at the yield limit - channelization.