Energy-efficient resource allocation for dual-NOMA-UAV assisted Internet of Things

Liu, Zechen and Liu, Xin and Leung, Victor C. M. and Durrani, Tariq S (2023) Energy-efficient resource allocation for dual-NOMA-UAV assisted Internet of Things. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 72 (3). pp. 3532-3543. ISSN 0018-9545 (

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Employing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) characterized by low cost, high maneuverability, and on-demand deployment as aerial base stations (BSs) of Internet of Things (IoT) can guarantee communication performance in the absence of terrestrial BSs. However, the limited energy budget of UAV constrains its development. In this paper, a dual-UAV-assisted IoT using non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is proposed to improve IoT capacity. To reduce energy consumption of the UAVs while ensuring a certain throughput, a joint resource optimization problem of communication scheduling, transmit power and motion parameters of UAVs is formulated to maximize energy efficiency of UAVs. To solve the proposed non-convex optimization problem, we present an alternating iterative optimization algorithm to alternately optimize three sub-problems: communication scheduling optimization, UAV transmit power optimization and UAV motion parameters optimization, each of which can be converted into convex optimization and solved using Lagrange multiplier method, subgradient descent method and successive convex approximation (SCA). The numerical results show that optimizing UAV motion parameters can effectively improve energy efficiency of UAVs, and the proposed dual-NOMA-UAV assisted IoT can achieve higher energy efficiency than the orthogonal multiple access (OMA)-UAV assisted IoT.