Micro-fabricated components for cold atom sensors

McGilligan, J. P. and Gallacher, K. and Griffin, P. F. and Paul, D. J. and Arnold, A. S. and Riis, E. (2022) Micro-fabricated components for cold atom sensors. Review of Scientific Instruments, 93 (9). 091101. ISSN 1089-7623 (https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0101628)

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Laser cooled atoms have proven transformative for precision metrology, playing a pivotal role in state-of-the-art clocks and interferometers and having the potential to provide a step-change in our modern technological capabilities. To successfully explore their full potential, laser cooling platforms must be translated from the laboratory environment and into portable, compact quantum sensors for deployment in practical applications. This transition requires the amalgamation of a wide range of components and expertise if an unambiguously chip-scale cold atom sensor is to be realized. We present recent developments in cold-atom sensor miniaturization, focusing on key components that enable laser cooling on the chip-scale. The design, fabrication, and impact of the components on sensor scalability and performance will be discussed with an outlook to the next generation of chip-scale cold atom devices.