AlGaN ultraviolet micro-LEDs

Tian, Pengfei and Shan, Xinyi and Zhu, Shijie and Xie, Enyuan and McKendry, Jonathan J. D. and Gu, Erdan and Dawson, Martin D. (2022) AlGaN ultraviolet micro-LEDs. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 58 (4). pp. 1-14. 3300214. ISSN 0018-9197 (

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AlGaN-based UV LEDs have proven to have broad applications in many fields including sterilization, disinfection, purification, and phototherapy, but the performance still needs to be further improved. Benefiting from advantages such as better current spreading, lower self-heating effect and higher light extraction efficiency achieved by the reduced LED size, UV micro-LEDs are expected to improve quantum efficiency and thus can expand more potential applications. In this article, performance enhancement techniques and applications of UV micro-LEDs will be reviewed, providing an outlook for further development of AlGaN-based UV-LEDs. The micro-LED format offers possibilities to address fundamental issues that UV LEDs confront in general, but also demonstrates specific characteristics and performance advantages opening up new areas of application including high-speed optical communication, time-resolved fluorescence lifetime measurement, optical pumping, direct writing and charge management.