Commodity risk in European dairy firms

Bagnarosa, Guillaume and Cummins, Mark and Dowling, Michael and Kearney, Fearghal (2022) Commodity risk in European dairy firms. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 49 (1). pp. 151-181. ISSN 1464-3618 (

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We apply a multivariate mixed-data sampling (MIDAS) conditional quantile regression technique to understand the dairy commodity exposure of European dairy firms. Leveraging a theoretically sound hedonic dairy pricing framework, we show that our approach is able to identify both market and operational risk. Profit margins for butter and milk price are particularly important for operational performance. Additional tests are provided, including an application of MIDAS quantile on a period of amplified dairy market risk. Our approach thus allows dairy firms to gain new perspectives on the significant risks posed by the current structure of dairy production in Europe.