Cost-effective vibration analysis through data-backed pipeline optimisation

Sokolovsky, Artur and Hare, David and Mehnen, Jorn (2021) Cost-effective vibration analysis through data-backed pipeline optimisation. Sensors, 21 (19). 6678. ISSN 1424-8220 (

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Vibration analysis is an active area of research, aimed, among other targets, at an accurate classification of machinery failure modes. The analysis often leads to complex and convoluted signal processing pipeline designs, which are computationally demanding and often cannot be deployed in IoT devices. In the current work, we address this issue by proposing a data-driven methodology that allows optimising and justifying the complexity of the signal processing pipelines. Additionally, aiming to make IoT vibration analysis systems more cost- and computationally efficient, on the example of MAFAULDA vibration dataset, we assess the changes in the failure classification performance at low sampling rates as well as short observation time windows. We find out that a decrease of the sampling rate from 50 kHz to 1 kHz leads to a statistically significant classification performance drop. A statistically significant decrease is also observed for the 0.1 s time window compared to the 5 s one. However, the effect sizes are small to medium, suggesting that in certain settings lower sampling rates and shorter observation windows might be worth using, consequently making the use of the more cost-efficient sensors feasible. The proposed optimisation approach, as well as the statistically supported findings of the study, allow for an efficient design of IoT vibration analysis systems, both in terms of complexity and costs, bringing us one step closer to the widely accessible IoT/Edge-based vibration analysis.